December 1, 2022


The Education People

Schooling industry experts be concerned about future of Afghanistan’s education and learning program

The full schooling system is paralysed appropriate now. People today, primarily women, are not inclined to believe that the Taliban’s assurances, say experts

Picture: @davenewworld_2 / Twitter

On August 17, 2021, the Afghan Taliban held its very first press meeting right after seizing Kabul. In the course of the function, group spokesperson Zabihullah Mujahid assured the globe that the new routine would be distinctive. “We are likely to allow girls to perform and analyze in just selected frameworks. Gals are heading to be really active in modern society, but within just the frameworks of Islam.”

Nevertheless, a lot of industry experts in Afghanistan’s education sector have labelled this assertion as mere propaganda by the Taliban, trying to find legitimacy from distinctive governments throughout the environment.

“If an individual thinks what the Taliban is indicating, then they are believing in a wrong public relations campaign. And I guess Tablian has been profitable in that,” Pashtana Durrani, director of Understand, a non-earnings organisation operating on female education and learning and menstrual cleanliness in Afghanistan informed Down To Earth.

“The complete process is paralysed appropriate now. The tutorial 12 months has started out and there is no initiation of lessons in faculty,” Durrani reported. There was no clarity on when universities and universities would open up. Durrani included that she would believe the Taliban’s phrases when they did open up.

Murtaza Nawab, a researcher from Nangarhar province agreed with Durrani. He stated he could not imagine the Taliban. “When you predict the long term, you predict it by looking at record,” he claimed. Nawab is at present waiting for his passport to go away for India.

Nawab enumerated the progress Afghanistan experienced made concerning the two Taliban regimes of 2001 and 2021. He said:


About 20,000 educational institutions have been built in the previous two a long time. Some 6,000 schools ended up built for the duration of Ghani’s regime. The schooling system was receiving far better. People had been wanting to study. New English medium schools were being currently being developed, together with private universities.


Training in Afghanistan had developed exponentially given that the millennium, in accordance to a plan report by the now-deposed Afghan Ministry of Education and learning on local community-dependent education and learning (2017).

In 2017, there have been additional than 9.2 million college students enrolled in official education. Of these, 39 per cent were being ladies.

The number of women enrolled in formal instruction was a lot better compared to 2001, when only one particular million students experienced accessibility to official education — most of them were being boys. Through the former Taliban regime, women weren’t allowed to get official education.

On the other hand, an estimated 3.7 million youngsters are nonetheless out-of-school in Afghanistan — the majority 60 for each cent of them are girls — according to a UNICEF report.

Many Afghans imagine the development made in the course of previously elected governments could possibly regress below the new routine. The civil war-like problem, socio-political tensions in the location and conventional norms have presently stored women out of faculties.

Nevertheless, not anyone has lost hope. Rahmatullah Arman, the chief executive of Teach for Afghanistan, claimed:


Preliminary views which we had about the Taliban have been absolutely altered. But clearly, it desires to continue on. They have asked us and other organisations to re-open up. Each male and female pupils, as effectively as workers, have been requested to proceed work.


Certainly, 8 times was not plenty of time to remark on the predicament. More time was wanted to do that, he included.

Going for walks the talk

The Taliban’s higher training representative — Mullah Farid —banned co-training in Herat province on August 21, in accordance to Afghanistan’s Khaama push agency.

The fatwa or edict that laid down the ban was the to start with right after the takeover. The fatwa by Farid termed co-education the “root of all evils in society.”  The fatwa also mentioned that male instructors will not be allowed to train female college students.

Very similar bans on co-training are predicted. The ban on co-schooling in all likelihood is likely to undermine girls’ schooling. According to UNICEF, only 16 for each cent of Afghanistan’s colleges are women-only universities.

An Afghan female who wished to continue to be nameless mentioned numerous educational facilities will now find gals lecturers to instruct women. “However, we have really few female teachers. Therefore, it will be difficult to teach women and we will ultimately be designed to sit home.”